Our Faculty


PhD. Behrooz Gharleghi


Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia


Professor Behrooz Gharleghi holds a PhD in Economics from Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, a Master’s degree in Economic Sciences from Azad University, Iran, and a Bachelor’s degree in Economics from Isfahan University, Iran.



Professor Gharleghi has had several academic positions. He has been Senior Lecturer at the Asia Pacific University of Technology and Innovation (APU) in Malaysia, a Lecturer of research methodology and micro and macroeconomics at Linton University College in Malaysia, and a part-time Lecturer at Payame Noor University in Iran



Professor Gharleghi is the author and co-author of several papers published in peer-reviewed journals, such as:

  • Blake, J. P., Gharleghi, B., 2017. The Ripple Effect at an Inter-Suburban Level in the Sydney Metropolitan Area, International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis, Accepted, (Scopus)
  • Bugenbayev, R., Gharleghi, B., Riaz, A., Naghavi, N., 2017, Operating Lease Decision among Malaysian Firms; Critical Factors, Managerial Finance, under review, (Scopus)
  • Ramiah, D., Kuppusamy, M., and Gharleghi, B. 2017. Project Management and Construction Projects’ Completion: Evidence from Malaysian Small, Medium and Large Firms, Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Accepted (Scopus)
  • Shafighi, N. and Gharleghi, B., 2016, Feasibility of a currency union in East Asia using the five-variable structural vector autoregressive model, Economic Analysis and Policy, 52, pp. 45-54 (Scopus)
  • Gharleghi, B., Shafighi, N., 2015. Dollar Bloc or Yen Bloc in East Asia?, International Journal of Economic Research, 12 (1), pp. 121-130 (Scopus)
  • Shafighi, N., Shaari, A.H., Gharleghi, B., Sarmidi, T., Omar, K., 2015. Financial integration via Panel Cointegration Approaches in ASEAN+5, Journal of Economic Studies, 43(1), pp. 2-15. (Scopus)
  • Gharleghi, B., Shaari, A.H., and Shafighi N. 2014. Predicting Exchange Rates Using a Novel “Cointegration Based Neuro-Fuzzy System”. International Economics. 137, pp. 88-103 (Scopus)
  • Gharleghi, B., Shaari, A. H., and Sarmidi T. 2014. Application of the Threshold Model for Modelling and Forecasting of Exchange Rate in Selected ASEAN Countries. Sains Malaysiana. 43 (10), 1609 – 1622 (ISI, impact factor 0.350, Q3)
  • Gharleghi, B., and Shaari, A.H., 2012. Is Monetary Variable A Determinant in the Ringgit-Dollar Exchange Rates Model? A Cointegration Approach. Sains Malaysiana. 41(9). pp. 1163-1169 (ISI, impact factor 0.350, Q3)
  • Jabbarzare, E., and Gharleghi, B., 2016, Total Quality Management Practices and Organizational Performance, World Journal of Management, Forthcoming (ERA)
  • Klongklaew, A., Gharleghi, B., Tan Hui Min, Chan, B., 2016, Determinants of foreign direct investment in East Asia, Global Review of Accounting and Finance, 7(2), pp. 129-139 (ERA)
  • Zahir, M., Gharleghi, B., 2015, Adoption of internet Banking in Maldives, the Most important Determinants, Asian Social Science, 11 (2), 181-189 (Scopus)
  • Damag, N. K., Gharleghi, B., Samadi, B, Chan Yin Fah, 2015. International Bank’s Decision to Expand into Malaysia, The Economic Determinants, International Business Management, 9 (4): 47 6-482 (Scopus)
  • Mudiarasan K., Gharleghi, B., 2015. “No Plastic Bag Day’ Concept and its Role in Malaysian’s Environmental Behaviour Development, Asian Social Science, 11 (18), 174-182, (Scopus)
  • Mudiarasan K., Gharleghi B., 2015. “Green Business Process Management” in Manufacturing Firms: Examining the role of Upstream and Downstream Suppliers, International Journal of Applied Business and Economic Research, 13 (1), pp. 259-271 (Scopus)
  • Maki, M., Gharleghi, B., Samadi, 2015. Adoption of e-Government among Bahraini Citizens, Asian Social Science, 11 (4), pp.141-149 (Scopus)
  • Zhuk, O. and Gharleghi, B., 2015. The Augmented Monetary Model and Exchange Rate Fluctuations; Case of RUB/USD, Asian Social Science, 11 (10), 231 – 237, (Scopus)
  • Tanadi, T., Samadi, B., Gharleghi, B. 2015. The impact of Perceived Risks and Perceived Benefits to improve an Online intention among Generation-Y in Malaysia, Asian Social Science, 11, 26, pp. 225-238 (Scopus)
  • Jamali, S.K., Samadi, B. and Gharleghi, B., 2015. Factors Influencing Electronic Commerce Adoption: A Case Study of Iranian Family SMEs. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 6(2), p.p207 -221 (ERA)
  • Boonratana, V., Gharleghi, B., 2015. Determinants of the Job Burnout in Public Sector Employees in Malaysia, International Journal of Business and Management, 10(6), 208-215 (ERA)
  • Senkuku, A M and Gharleghi, B., 2015, Factors influencing Foreign Direct investment inflow in Tanzania, International Journal of Business and Management, 10(7), 48-56 (ERA)
  • Albeerdy, M I, and Gharleghi, B., 2015, Determinants of the Financial Literacy among College Students in Malaysia, International Journal of Business Administration, 6(3), 15-24 (ERA)
  • Mazher, U., Gharleghi, B., Chan, Benjamin, 2015. A Study On the Factors Affecting Total Quality Management in the Saudi Arabian Construction industry, International Journal of Business and Social Research, 5(3), 30-40 (ERA)
  • Hassan, M.H. and Gharleghi, B., 2015. Exchange Rate Determination in Maldives: A Study Based on the Sticky Price Monetary Model. International Journal of Business and Management, 10(7), p.85-92 (ERA)
  • Sabyr, A., Gharleghi, B. and Chan, B., 2015. Factors Determining the Globalization of Renminbi, International Journal of Business and Social Research, 5(03), pp.11-18 (ERA)
  • Abounajmi, M., Gharleghi, B., Samadi, B. and Majid, N.A., 2015. MIS Strategy and Its Influence on the SMEs, World Journal of Management, 6(2), 241-228 (ERA)
  • Tee, P.K., Gharleghi, B., Chan, B., Samadi, B. and Balahmar, A.A., 2015. Purchase Intention of International Branded Clothes Fashion among Younger’s in Jakarta. International Journal of Business and Social Research, 5(8), pp.08-17 (ERA)
  • Samadi, B., Gharleghi, B. and Syrymbetova, M., 2015. An Analysis of Consumers’ Trust, Logistic Infrastructure and Brand Awareness towards E-Commerce Implementation in Kazakhstan, International Journal of Business and Management, 10(10), p.96-107 (ERA)
  • Asliddin, N. and Gharleghi, B., 2015. Factors Influencing High Unemployment in Tajikistan. International Journal of Social Science Studies, 3(6), pp.49-56 (ERA)
  • Kiong, T.P., Gharleghi, B., Yin-Fah, B.C. and Kei, L.M., 2014. Electronic Ticketing in Airline Industries among Malaysians: the Determinants. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 5(9), pp. 168-174 (ERA)
  • Mudiarasan K., Gharleghi, B., 2014. Green barriers and China’s Agricultural Product Export: Is There Any Relationship?, Asian Social Science. 10 (16), pp. 34-41 (Scopus)
  • Bahrulmazi, B. E., Gharleghi, B., Benjamin C.Y.F., Marianne Tan., 2014. Critical Success Factors Affecting Malaysia’ SMES through inward FDI: Case of Service Sector. Asian Social Science, 10 (16), pp. 131-138 (Scopus)
  • Abdulahi A., Samadi, B., Gharleghi, B., 2014. A Study on the Negative Effects of Social Networking Sites Such as Facebook among Asia Pacific University scholars in Malaysia, International Journal of Business and Social Science. Vol 5, No 10, pp. 133-145 (ERA)
  • Ramezani H. and Gharleghi, B., 2013. Determinants of the Total Quality Management Implementation in SMEs in Iran (Case of Metal Industry). International Journal of Business and Social Science. Vol 4. No. 16. Pp. 240-245 (ERA)
  • Edrak B., Chan B.Y.F., Gharleghi, B., and Thiam K.S. 2013. The effectiveness of intrinsic and extrinsic motivations: A study of Malaysian Amway company’s direct sales forces. International Journal of Business and Social Science. Vol 4, No. 9, pp 96-103 (ERA)


Professor Gharleghi is Associate Professor at the Asian Pacific University of Technology and Innovation in Malaysia and Affiliate Professor at CENTRUM PUCP Business School.



  • Selected as “Outstanding Scientist in Economics” by Venus International Foundation under “Venus International Research Awards”, India, Oct 2017.
  • Best awarded paper in IV International Conference on Economics, Business and Management, 8-9 Dec 2013, Sydney, Australia